Urogenital Tract Infection

Table. 4.

Risk factors of sepsis after retrograde intrarenal surgery

Variables Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis


OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Sex (male vs. female) 0.612 0.199-1.881 0.391
Age (<65 vs. ≥65) 0.498 0.135-1.838 0.296
UTI History (no vs. yes) 5.405 1.316-22.205 0.019*
Preoperative pyuria (negative vs. positive) 0.668 0.216-2.072 0.485
Preoperative urine culture (negative vs. positive) 4.321 1.436-13.002 0.009* 6.927 1.968-24.380 0.003*
Stone size (<20 mm vs. ≥20 mm) 2.85 0.734-11.066 0.13
Operation time (<90 min vs. ≥90 min) 5.186 1.671-16.098 0.004* 5.659 1.704-18.794 0.005*
Balloon dilation (no vs. yes) 4.689 1.336-16.455 0.016* 6.564 1.545-27.878 0.011*

OR: odds ratios, 95% CI: 95% confidence intervals, UTI: urinary tract infection.

*p<0.05 indicates statistical significance.

Urogenit Tract Infect 2023;18:93-100 https://doi.org/10.14777/uti.2023.18.3.93
© 2023 Urogenit Tract Infect