Urogenital Tract Infection

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Table. 2.

Characteristics of infectious viruses found in the human urinary tract

Virus Genome Main route of transmission Symptoms
Zika virus Positive-sense, single-stranded RNA; about 10.8 kb Vector-borne (mosquitoes) Fever, rash, arthritis or arthralgia, conjunctivitis, myalgia, headache, retro-orbital pain, neurologic complications
West Nile virus Positive-sense, single-stranded RNA; about 10.8 kb Vector-borne (mosquitoes) Fever, neuroinvasive disease
SARS-CoV Positive-sense, single-stranded RNA; about 30 kb Respiratory droplets, aerosolization, and fomites Fever, severe cough, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain
SARS-CoV-2 Positive-sense, single-stranded RNA; about 30 kb Respiratory droplets, contact with mucous membranes in the eyes, mouth, or nose Fatigue, fever, dry cough, myalgia, dyspnea

SARS-CoV: severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus.

Urogenit Tract Infect 2021;16:44-8 https://doi.org/10.14777/uti.2021.16.2.44
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