Urogenital Tract Infection

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Table. 3.

Common medications and accompanying mechanisms that can contribute to acute urinary retention

Category Mechanism
Alpha-adrenergic agonists Increase urinary sphincter tone
Opioid pain medicines Decrease bladder contractility
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Decrease contractility through downregulation of prostaglandins
Calcium channel blockers, beta-adrenergic agonists Decrease detrusor tone
Antidepressants, antipsychotics, antihistamines Other

Adapted from Acute and chronic urinary retention in men and women: epidemiology, treatment and future directions. Linthicum: American Urological Association; 2020. Available from: https://auau.auanet.org/content/update-series-volume-39-2020 [33].

Urogenit Tract Infect 2021;16:32-43 https://doi.org/10.14777/uti.2021.16.2.32
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