Urogenital Tract Infection

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Table. 1.

Microbiome associated with nephrolithiasis

Gut microbiome Urinary microbiome Stone microbiome
Known oxalate-degrading bacteria Escherichia coli Staphylococcus, Veillonella, Streptococcus
Oxalobacter formigenes Urea-splitting organisms (Proteus, Staphylococcus, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas) Corynebacterium, Haemophilus, Proteus
Lactobacillus Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Enterobacteriaceae
Bifidobacterium
Enterococcus
Clostridium
Eggerthella
Providencia
Streptococcus
Leuconostoc
Related to 24-hour urine oxalate excretion
Defluviitaleaceae
Catabacter
Anaerofilum
Sutterella
Peptococcus
Lower in stone formers
Dorea
Faecalibacterium
Enterobacter
Higher in stone formers
Bacteroidetes
Acinobacteria
Alistipesindistinctus
Odoribactersplanchnicus
Urogenit Tract Infect 2021;16:25-31 https://doi.org/10.14777/uti.2021.16.2.25
© 2021 Urogenit Tract Infect