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Is Double J Stenting or Percutaneous Nephrostomy More Suitable for Maximizing the Clinical Effects of Temporary Urinary Diversion for Acute Pyelonephritis with a Complicated Ureteral Stone?
Urogenit Tract Infect 2019 Dec;14(3):87-92
Published online December 31, 2019;
Copyright © 2019 Korean Association of Urogenital Tract Infection and Inflammation.

Jeonghyouk Choi, Taesoo Choi, Dong-Gi Lee, Gyeong Eun Min, Hyung Lae Lee, Koo Han Yoo

Department of Urology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Koo Han Yoo
Department of Urology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 892 Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-gu, Seoul 05278, Korea
Tel: +82-2-440-6271, Fax: +82-2-440-7744
Received September 18, 2019; Revised October 25, 2019; Accepted November 14, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Purpose: This study compared the clinical benefits of double J (DJ) ureteral stenting with percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) for the management of acute pyelonephritis (APN) with complicated ureteral stones.
Materials and Methods: The records of 85 patients with complicated APN between December 2006 and July 2017 were reviewed retrospectively. Sixty one patients who underwent DJ or PCN for the management of acute urinary obstruction were enrolled in this study. Some of the participants were excluded for concurrent renal stones, multiple ureteral stones, ureteral stricture, malignancy, and anatomical anomalies. The patient and stone characteristics and peri-procedural laboratory test results of the groups were compared. The success rate, depending on the type of urinary diversion and the presence of immediate complications, were also analyzed.
Results: In this study, 19 patients underwent DJ stenting, and 42 patients underwent PCN as a transient urinary diversion. No failed procedures or immediate complications requiring subsequent intervention were encountered (Clavien–Dindo grade II-V). Urologists preferred PCN to DJ stenting in cases with an elevated serum creatinine level (p=0.001) and higher C-reactive protein (CRP) level (p<0.001). The indicative parameters for renal injury and septic conditions (white blood cell count, segment neutrophil, and creatinine levels) tended to show immediate improvement, whereas CRP did not; however, the differences in markers were not significant (p=0.701, 0.962, 0.288, and 0.360, respectively).
Conclusions: Both DJ stenting and PCN were safe and feasible methods for the management of complicated APN. With experienced urologists or radiologists, there may be little danger of prolonged renal failure or other procedure-related complications.
Keywords : Nephrostomy, percutaneous; Urinary diversion; Pyelonephritis; Ureterolithiasis; Ureteral obstruction

December 2019, 14 (3)

  • The official journal of

    The Korean Association of Urogenital Tract Infection and Inflammation

    The Korean Continence Society

    The Han-nam Urological Association

    The Korean Society of Geriatric Urological Care