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Perioperative Risk Factors Related to Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy
Urogenit Tract Infect 2019 Apr;14(1):9-13
Published online April 30, 2019;
Copyright © 2019 Korean Association of Urogenital Tract Infection and Inflammation.

Ho Seok Chung, Seung Il Jung

Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea
Correspondence to: Seung Il Jung,
Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, 322 Seoyang-ro, Hwasun-eup, Hwasun 58128, Korea, Tel: +82-61-379-7749, Fax: +82-61-379-7750, E-mail:
Received April 1, 2019; Revised April 23, 2019; Accepted April 23, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has become the standard treatment for large and complex kidney stones since its introduction in 1976. On the other hand, postoperative complications are not rare and can be quite significant. Of these complications, postoperative infectious complications, such as systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), remain a seminal event and a possible cause of perioperative mortality. Several recent studies have found a number of factors that increase the risk of SIRS after PCNL. These include preoperative factors (patient’s characteristics) and factors associated with the intraoperative and postoperative findings. The present study describes the perioperative risk factors of SIRS after PCNL. These findings can help decrease the incidence of infectious complications, including SIRS, in patients undergoing PCNL.
Keywords : Percutaneous nephrolithotomy; Risk factors; Systemic inflammatory response syndrome; Urinary tract infections

April 2019, 14 (1)

  • The official journal of

    The Korean Association of Urogenital Tract Infection and Inflammation

    The Korean Continence Society

    The Han-nam Urological Association

    The Korean Society of Geriatric Urological Care